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Free Online Scholarship (FOS)

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is scholarly publishing and intellectual property rights.


Six Superlative Sources

· Declan Butler and Philip Campbell (eds.), Future E-Access to the Primary Literature, Nature, February 14, 2001-present. A wide-ranging debate comprising nearly 50 papers.

· Raym Crow, "The Case for Institutional Repositories: A SPARC Position Paper," SPARC, August 27, 2002.

· Jean-Claude Guédon, "In Oldenburg's Long Shadow: Librarians, Research Scientists, Publishers, and the Control of Scientific Publishing," Creating the Digital Future: Proceedings of the 138th Annual Meeting of the Association of Research Libraries, 2001.

· Stevan Harnad, "For Whom the Gate Tolls? How and Why to Free the Refereed Research Literature Online through Author/Institution Self-Archiving, Now," 2001.

· Andrew Odlyzko, "Tragic Loss or Good Riddance? The Impending Demise of Traditional Scholarly Journals," International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 42 (1995) pp. 71-122.

· Thomas J. Walker, "Free Internet Access to Traditional Journals," American Scientist, 86, 5 (September-October 1998) pp. 463-71.

Other Excellent Sources


· American-Scientist-Open-Access-Forum. Also called the American Scientist E-Print Forum and the September98 Forum.

· BioMed Central.

· The Budapest Open Access Initiative.

· DSpace.

· GNU EPrints.

· Open Archives Initiative.

· Public Library of Science.

· The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC).


· Steven Bachrach, et al., "Who Should Own Scientific Papers?" Science Magazine, 281, 5382 (September 4, 1998) pp. 1459-60.

· Charles W. Bailey, Jr., "Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography."

· Alison Buckholtz, "Returning Scientific Publishing to Scientists," The Journal of Electronic Publishing, 7, 1 (August 2001).

· Gordon Fletcher, "Averting the Crisis in Medical Publishing: Open Access Journals," Health Information on the Internet, December 2002.

· Paul Ginsparg, "Creating a Global Knowledge Network: Don't Just Clone the Paper Methodology," Freedom of Information Conference 2000.

· Paul Ginsparg, "Winners and Losers in the Global Research Village," UNESCO Conference: Electronic Publishing in Science, February 21, 1996.

· Fiona Godlee, Richard Horton, and Richard Smith, "Global Information Flow: Publishers Should Provide Information Free to Resource Poor Countries," BMJ, 321 (September 30, 2000) pp. 776-77.

· Stevan Harnad, "Advancing Science by Self-Archiving Refereed Research," Science, dEbates, July 31, 1999.

· Stevan Harnad, "E-Knowledge: Freeing the Refereed Journal Corpus Online," Computer Law and Security Report, 16, 2 (2000) pp. 78-87.

· Stevan Harnad, "Free at Last: The Future of Peer-Reviewed Journals," D-Lib Magazine, 5, 12 (December 1999).

· Stevan Harnad, "How to Fast-Forward Serials to the Inevitable and the Optimal for Scholars and Scientists," Serials Librarian, 30 (1997) pp. 73-81.

· Stevan Harnad, "On-Line Journals and Financial Fire-Walls," Nature, 395, 6698 (September 10, 1998) pp. 127-28.

· Stevan Harnad, "The PostGutenberg Galaxy: How to Get There from Here," Information Society, 11, 4 (1995) pp. 285-92.

· Stevan Harnad, "The (Refereed) Literature-Liberation Movement," The New Scientist, 170, 2292 (2001) p. 53. Published as "In the Name of Freedom."

· Stevan Harnad, "Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry," Psychological Science, 1 (1990) pp. 342-43. Reprinted in Current Contents, 45 (November 11, 1991) pp. 9-13.

· Stevan Harnad, "The Author/Institution Self-Archiving Initiative to Free the Refereed Research Literature Online."

· Stevan Harnad, "A Subversive Proposal," in Ann Okerson and James O'Donnell (eds.), Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, June 1995.

· Stevan Harnad, Les Carr, and Tim Brody, "How and Why To Free All Refereed Research from Access- and Impact-Barriers Online, Now," 2001.

· Stevan Harnad, Hal Varian, and Bob Parks, "Academic Publishing in the Online Era: What Will Be For-Fee and What Will Be For-Free?" Culture Machine, 2 (2000).

· Bernard Hibbitts, "Last Writes: Re-Assessing the Law Review in the Age of Cyberspace," New York University Law Review, 71 (1996) pp. 615ff.

· Bernard Hibbitts, "Yesterday Once More," Akron Law Review, 30 (1996) pp. 267ff.

· Richard Johnson, "Institutional Repositories: Partnering with Faculty to Enhance Scholarly Communication," D-Lib Magazine, 8, 11 (November 2002).

· Rob Kling, Lisa Spector, and Geoff McKim, "Locally Controlled Scholarly Publishing via the Internet: The Guild Model," The Journal of Electronic Publishing, 8, 1 (August 2002).

· Myer Kutz, "The Scholars Rebellion against Scholarly Publishing Practices: Varmus, Vitek, and Venting," The Searcher, 10, 1 (January 2002).

· Steve Lawrence, "Online or Invisible? Free Online Availability Substantially Increases a Paper's Impact," Nature, 411, 6837 (2001) p. 521.

· James Morrison and Peter Suber, "The Free Online Scholarship Movement: An Interview with Peter Suber," Technology Source, (September-October 2002).

· Andrew Odlyzko, "Competition and Cooperation: Libraries and Publishers in the Transition to Electronic Scholarly Journals," Journal of Electronic Publishing, 4, 4 (June 1999).

· Andrew Odlyzko, "The Economics of Electronic Journals," First Monday, 2, 8 (August 1997). Also in R. Ekman and R. Quandt (eds.), Technology and Scholarly Communication, University of California Press, 1998.

· Andrew Odlyzko, "The Rapid Evolution of Scholarly Communication," Learned Publishing, 15 (2002) pp. 7-19.

· David E. Shulenburger, "Principles for a New System of Publishing for Science," UNESCO Conference: Electronic Publishing in Science, February 20-23, 2001.

· Ann Shumelda Okerson and James J. O'Donnell (eds.), Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, 1995.

· Peter Suber, The SPARC Open Access Newsletter, March 2001-present. Formerly the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter.

· Peter Suber, FOS News: News from the Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Movement, May 2002-present. A weblog.

· Peter Suber, Guide to the Free Online Scholarship Movement.

· Peter Suber, "Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature," Journal of Biology, 1, 1 (June 2002) pp. 3f.

· Peter Suber, "Removing the Barriers to Research: An Introduction to Open Access for Librarians," College and Research Libraries News, 64 (February 2003) pp. 92-94, 113.

· Peter Suber, Timeline of the Free Online Scholarship Movement.

· Peter Suber, "Where Does the Free Online Scholarship Movement Stand Today?" Cortex, 38, 2 (April 2002) pp. 261-64.

· Sam Vaknin, "Copyright Law and Free Online Scholarship: An Interview with Peter Suber," United Press International, February 19, 2002.

· John Willinsky, "Copyright Contradictions in Scholarly Publishing," First Monday, 7, 11 (November 2002).

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