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Spider -- Brown Recluse

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is the brown recluse spider.


Six Superlative Sources

· Foil, L.D., and Norment, B.R. 1979. Envenomation by Loxosceles reclusa. Journal of Medical Entomology 16(1):18-25.

· Gertsch, W.J., and Ennik, F. 1983. The spider genus Loxosceles in North America, Central America, and the West Indies (Araneae, Loxoscelidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 175(3):264-360.

· Hite, J.M., Gladney, W.J., Lancaster, J.L., and Whitcomb, W.H. 1966. Biology of the brown recluse spider. Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 711:1-26.

· Horner, N.V., and Stewart, K.W. 1967. Life history of the brown spider, Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch and Mulaik. Texas Journal of Science 19:333-47.

· Vetter, R.S. Spiders and Other Arachnids. Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside.

· Vetter, R.S., and Bush, S.P. 2002. The diagnosis of brown recluse bite is overused for dermonecrotic wounds of uncertain etiology. Annals of Emergency Medicine 39(5):544-46.

Other Excellent Sources

· Atkins, J.A., Wingo, C.W., and Sodeman, W.A. 1957. Probable cause of necrotic spider bite in the Midwest. Science 126(3263):73.

· Cramer, K. The Bi-State Brown Recluse Project. Department of Biology, Monmouth College.

· Gladney, W.J., and Dawkins, C.C. 1972. Insecticidal tests against the brown recluse spider. Journal of Economic Entomology 65(5):1491-93.

· Sandidge, J.S. 2003. Scavenging by brown recluse spiders. Nature 426:30.

· Schmaus, L.F. 1929. Case of arachnoidism (spider bite). Journal of the American Medical Association 92(15):1265-66.

· Sterling, H.R., Price, R.G., and Furr, K.O. 1972. Laboratory evaluation of insecticides on various surfaces and at various intervals for control of the brown recluse spider. Journal of Economic Entomology 65(4):1071-73.

· Vetter, R.S. Brown Recluse and Other Recluse Spider Management Guidelines. IPM Education and Publications, University of California Statewide IPM Program.

· Vetter, R.S., Cushing, P.E., Crawford, R.L., and Royce, L.A. 2003. Diagnoses of brown recluse spider bites (loxoscelism) greatly outnumber actual verifications of the spider in four western American states. Toxicon 42:413-18.

· Vetter, R.S., and Bush, S.P. 2002. Reports of presumptive brown recluse spider bites reinforce improbable diagnosis in regions of North America where the spider is not endemic. Clinical Infectious Diseases 35:442-45.

· Vetter, R.S., and Barger, D.K. 2002. An infestation of 2,055 brown recluse spiders (Araneae: Sicariidae) and no envenomations in a Kansas home: implications for bite diagnoses in nonendemic areas. Journal of Medical Entomology 39(6):948-51.

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