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Forest Ecology -- New England -- Air Pollution

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is air pollution and forest ecology in New England.


Six Superlative Sources

· Bormann, F.H., and G.E. Likens. Pattern and Process in a Forested Ecosystem. Springer-Verlag, 1981. 253 pp.

· Schlesinger, W.H. Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change. Academic Press, 1997. 587 pp.

· The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study

· The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

· Vitousek, P.M., H.A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, J.M. Melillo. 1997. Human domination of Earth's ecosystems. Science 277:494-499.

· Hedin, L.O., J.J. Armesto, and A.H. Johnson. 1995. Patterns of nutrients lost from unpolluted, old-growth temperate forests: Evaluation of biogeochemical theory. Ecology 76:493-509.

Other Excellent Sources

· Aber, J.D., and C.T. Driscoll. 1997. Effects of land use, climate variation, and N deposition on N cycling and C storage in northern hardwood forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 11:639-648.

· Aber, J.D., K.J. Nadelhoffer, P. Steudler, and J.M. Melillo. 1989. Nitrogen saturation in northern forest ecosystems. Bioscience 39:378-386.

· Arthur, M.A., and T.J. Fahey. 1990. Mass and nutrient content of decaying boles in an Englemann spruce-subalpine fir forest, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20:730-737.

· Barker, J.R., and D.T. Tingey (eds.). Air Pollution Effects on Biodiversity. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1992. 322 pp.

· Battles, J.J., A.H. Johnson, T.G. Siccama, A.J. Friedland, and E.K. Miller. 1992. Red spruce death: Effects on forest composition and structure on Whiteface Mountain, NY. Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club 119:418-430.

· Bondietti, E.A. 1990. Descriptions of Research Sites in the Integrated Forest Study on Effects of Atmospheric Deposition. ORNL/TM-11149, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee. 128 pp.

· Charlson, R.J., S.E. Schwartz, J.M. Hales, R.D. Cess, J.A. Coakley, Jr., J.E. Hansen, and D.J. Hoffmann. 1992. Climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols. Science 255:423-430.

· Cogbill, C.V., and G.E. Likens. 1974. Acid precipitation in the Northeastern United States. Water Resources Research 10:1133-1137.

· Cronan, C.S., and D.F. Grigal. 1995. Use of calcium/aluminum ratios as indicators of stress in forest ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Quality 24:209-226.

· David, M.B. and G.B. Lawrence. 1996. Soil and soil solution chemistry under red spruce stands across the Northeastern United States. Soil Science 161:314-328.

· Eagar, C., and M.B. Adams. 1992. Ecology and decline of red spruce in the eastern United States. Springer-Verlag, 417 pp.

· Environmental Protection Agency. 1996. National air pollutant emission trends, 1900-1995. EPA-454/R-96-007 (October), Washington, D.C.

· Environmental Protection Agency. 1995. Acid deposition standard feasibility study. Report to Congress. EPA 430-R-95-001 (February), Washington, D.C.

· Erikson, E. 1952. Composition of atmospheric precipitation II. Sulfur, chloride, iodine compounds. Tellus 4:280-303.

· Federer, C.A., J.W. Hornbeck, L.M. Tritton, C.W. Martin, R.S. Pierce, and C.T. Smith. 1989. Long-term depletion of calcium and other nutrients in eastern U.S. forests. Environmental Management 13:593-601.

· Fernandez, I.J., G.B. Lawrence, and Y. Son. 1995. Soil-solution chemistry in a low-elevation spruce-fir ecosystem, Howland, Maine. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 84:129-145.

· Finzi, A.C., N. Van Breemen, and C.D. Canham. 1998. Canopy tree-soil interactons within temperate forests: Species effects on soil carbon and nitrogen. Ecological Applications 8:440-446.

· Friedland, A.J., E.K. Miller, J.J. Battles and J.T. Thorne. 1991 Nitrogen deposition, distribution and cycling in a subalpine spruce-fir forest, Adirondacks, New York, USA. Biogeochemistry 14:31-55.

· Friedland, A.J., G.J. Hawley, and R.A. Gregory. 1988. Red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) foliar chemistry in northern Vermont and New York, USA. Plant and Soil 105:189-193.

· Gilliam, F.S., M.B. Adams, and B.M. Yurish. 1996. Ecosystem nutrient responses to chronic nitrogen inputs at Fernow Experimental Forest, West Virginia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26:196-205.

· Godbold, D.L., and A. Huttermann (eds.). Effects of Acid Rain on Forest Processes. Wiley, 1994. 430 pp.

· Hedin, L., L. Granat, G.E. Likens, T.A. Buishand, J.M. Galloway, T.J. Butler, and H. Rodhe. 1994. Steep declines in atmospheric base cations in regions of Europe and North America. Nature 367:351-354.

· Heij, G.J., and J.W. Erisman (eds.). Acid Rain Research: Do We Have Enough Answers? Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1995. 502 pp.

· Herman F.A., and E. Gorham. 1957. Total mineral material, acidity, sulfur and nitrogen in rain and snow at Kentville, Nova Scotia. Tellus 9:180-183.

· Johnson D.W., H. Van Miegroet, S.E. Lindberg, D.E. Todd, and R.B. Harrison. 1991. Nutrient cycling in red spruce forests of the Great Smoky Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21:769-787.

· Johnson, A.H., A.J. Friedland, E.K. Miller and T.G. Siccama. 1994a. Acid rain and soils of the Adirondacks, III: Rates of soil acidification in a montane spruce-fir forest at Whiteface Mountain, NY. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24:663-669.

· Johnson, A.H., T.N. Schwartzman, J.J. Battles, R. Miller, E.K. Miller, A.J. Friedland, and D.R. Vann. 1994b. Acid rain and soils of the Adirondacks, II. Evaluation of calcium and aluminum as causes of red spruce decline at Whiteface Mountain, New York. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24:654-662.

· Johnson, D.W., and S.E. Lindberg (eds.). Atmospheric Deposition and Forest Nutrient Cycling. Springer-Verlag, 1992. 707 pp.

· Kahl, J.S., S.A. Norton, I.J. Fernandez, K.J. Nadelhoffer, C.T. Driscoll, and J.D. Aber. 1993. Experimental inducement of nitrogen saturation at the watershed scale. Environmental Science and Technology 27:565-568.

· Likens, G.E., and F.H. Bormann. Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem, Second Edition. Springer-Verlag, 1995. 159 pp.

· Likens, G.E., C.T. Driscoll, and D.C. Buso. 1996. Long-term effects of acid rain: Response and recovery of a forest ecosystem. Science 272:244-246.

· Lindberg, S.E., G.M. Lovett, D.D. Richter, and D.W. Johnson. 1986. Atmospheric deposition and canopy interactions of major ions in a forest. Science 231:141-145.

· Lovett, G.E., and J.D. Kinsman. 1990. Atmospheric pollutant deposition to high-elevation ecosystems. Atmospheric Environment 24A:2767-2786.

· Lovett, G.E., S.E. Lindberg, D.D. Richter, and D.W. Johnson. 1985. The effects of acidic deposition on cation leaching from three deciduous forest canopies. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 15:1055-1060.

· Lovett, G.M. 1994. Atmospheric deposition of nutrients and pollutants in North America: An ecological perspective. Ecological Applications 4:629-650.

· Lucier, A.A., and S.G. Haines (eds.). Mechanisms of Forest Response to Acidic Deposition. Springer-Verlag, 1990. 245 pp.

· Magill, A.H., J.D. Aber, J.J. Hendricks, R.D. Bowden, J.M. Melillo, and P.A. Steudler. 1997. Biogeochemical response of forest ecosystems to simulated chronic nitrogen deposition. Ecological Applications 7:402-415.

· McLaughlin, J.W., I.J. Fernandez, and K.J. Richards. 1996. Atmospheric deposition to a low-elevation spruce-fir forest, Maine, USA. Journal of Environmental Quality 25:248-259.

· McNulty, S.G., J.D. Aber, and R.D. Boone. 1991. Forest floor and foliar chemistry changes in spruce-fir forests across New England. Biogeochemistry 14:13-29.

· Miller, E.K., J.A. Panek, A.J. Friedland, J.A. Kadlecek, and V.A. Mohnen. 1993c. Atmospheric deposition to a high-elevation forest at Whiteface Mountain, NY. Tellus 45B:209-227.

· Miller, E.K., J.D. Blum, and A.J. Friedland. 1993a. Determination of soil exchangeable-cation loss and weathering rates using strontium isotopes. Nature 362:438-441.

· Miller, E.K., A.J. Friedland, E.A. Arons, V.A. Mohnen, J.J. Battles, J.A. Panek, J. Kadlecek, and A.H. Johnson. 1993b. Atmospheric deposition to forests along an elevational gradient at Whiteface Mountain, New York, USA. Atmospheric Environment 27A:2121-2136.

· Miller, E.K., and A.J. Friedland. 1994. Lead migration in forest soils: Response to changing atmospheric inputs. Environmental Science and Technology 28:662-669.

· Miller, E.K., and A.J. Friedland. 1999. Atmospheric deposition of major elements to a subalpine forest in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, U.S.A: 1986-1996. Journal of Environmental Quality 28:270-277.

· Mitchell, M.J., C.T. Driscoll, J.S. Kahl, G.E. Likens, P.S. Murdoch, and L.H. Pardo. 1996. Climatic control of nitrate loss from forested watersheds in the Northeast United States. Environmental Science and Technology 30:2609-2612.

· Murdoch, P.S., and J.L. Stoddard. 1992. The role of nitrate in the acidification of streams in the Catskill Mountains of New York. Water Resources Research 28:2707-2720.

· Nasholm, T., A. Ekblad, A. Nordin, R. Giesler, M. Hogberg, and P. Hogberg. 1998. Boreal forest plants take up organic nitrogen. Nature 392:914-916.

· National Academy of Sciences. Acid deposition: Long-term trends. National Academy Press, Washington. 1986. 506 pp.

· Ohrui, K., and M.J. Mitchell. 1997. Nitrogen saturation in forested watersheds. Ecological Applications 7:391-401.

· Peterjohn, W.T., M.B. Adams, and F.S. Gilliam. 1996. Symptoms of nitrogen saturation in two central Appalachian hardwood forest ecosystems. Biogeochemistry 35:507-522.

· Reuss, J.O., and D.W. Johnson. Acid Deposition and the Acidification of Soils and Waters. Springer-Verlag, 1986. 119 pp.

· Rodhe, H., and R. Herrera (eds.). Acidification in Tropical Countries. John Wiley and Sons, 1988. 405 pp.

· Schindler, D.W. (1988). Effects of acid rain on freshwater ecosystems. Science 239: 149-157.

· Schulze, E.D. 1989. Air pollution and forest decline in a spruce (Picea abies) forest. Science 244:776-783.

· Scott, J.T., T.G. Siccama, A.H. Johnson, and A.R. Breisch. 1984. Decline of red spruce in the Adirondacks, New York. Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club 111:438-444.

· Shepard, J.P., M.J. Mitchell, and T.J. Scott. 1990. Soil solution chemistry of an Adirondack Spodosol: lysimetry and N dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20:818-824.

· Spiro, T.G., and W.M. Stigliani. Chemistry of the Environment. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River. 1996. 356 pp.

· Taylor, G.E., Jr., D.W. Johnson, and C.P. Andersen. 1994. Air pollution and forest ecosystems: A regional to global perspective. Ecological Applications 4:662-689.

· Vann, D.R., G.R. Strimbeck, and A.H. Johnson. 1992. Effects of ambient levels of airborne chemicals on freezing resistance of red spruce foliage. Forest Ecology and Management 51: 69-79.

· Vitousek, P.M. 1977. The regulation of element concentrations in mountain streams in the northeastern United States. Ecological Monographs 47:65-87.

· Whittaker, R.H., F.H. Bormann, G.E. Likens, and T.G. Siccama. 1974. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: Forest biomass and production. Ecological Monographs 44:233-254.

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