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Anger and Its Effects on Health

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is anger.


Six Superlative Sources

· Johnson, E.H. (1990). The deadly emotions: The role of anger, hostility, and aggression in health and emotional well-being. Praeger Publishers.

· Kassinove, H. (1995). Anger disorders: Definitions, diagnosis, and treatment. Taylor and Francis.

· Matthews, K.A., Woodall, K.L., Engebretson, T.O., and McCann, B.S. (1992). Influence of age, sex, and family on Type A and hostile attitudes and behaviors. Health Psychology, 11, 317-323.

· Siegman, A.W. (1994). Anger, hostility and the heart. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

· Spielberger, C.D. (1999). Professional manual for the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2). Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.

· Spielberger, C.D., Reheiser, E.C., and Sydeman, S.J. (1995). Measuring the experience, expression, and control of anger. In H. Kassinove (Ed.). Anger disorders: Definitions, diagnosis, and treatment (pp. 49-86). Taylor and Francis.

Other Excellent Sources

· Bages, N., Warwick-Evans, L., and Falger, P.R.J. (1997). Differences between informants about Type A, anger, and social support and the relationship with blood pressure. Psychology and Health, 12(4), 453-465.

· Blumenthal, J.A., Barefoot, J., Burg, M. M., and Williams, R.B. (1987). Psychological correlates of hostility among patients undergoing coronary angiography. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 60(4), 349-355.

· Booth-Kewley, S., and Friedman, H.S. (1987). Psychological predictors of heart disease: A quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 101(3), 343-362.

· Engebretson, T.O., and Matthews, K.A. (1992). Dimensions of hostility in men, women, and boys: Relationships to personality and cardiovascular responses to stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 54(3), 311-323.

· Friedman, E.H. (1996). Neurobiology of anger-hostility and coronary risk. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 65(4), 222.

· Greenglass, E.R. (1987). Anger in Type A women: Implications for coronary heart disease. Personality and Individual Differences, 8(5), 639-650.

· Grunbaum, J.A., Vernon, S.W., and Clasen, C.M. (1997). The association between anger and hostility and risk factors for coronary heart disease in children and adolescents: A review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 19(2), 179-189.

· Johnson, E.H. (1989). The role of the experience and expression of anger and anxiety in elevated blood pressure among Black and White adolescents. Journal of the National Medical Association, 81(5), 573-584.

· Kneip, R.C., Delamater, A.M., Ismond, T., Milford, C., et al. (1993). Self- and spouse ratings of anger and hostility as predictors of coronary heart disease. Health Psychology, 12(4), 301-307.

· Mendes De Leon, C.F. (1992). Anger and impatience/irritability in patients of low socioeconomic status with acute coronary heart disease. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15(3), 273-284.

· Rosenberg, E.L., Ekman, P., and Blumenthal, J.A. (1998). Facial expression and the affective component of cynical hostility in male coronary heart disease patients. Health Psychology, 17(4), 376-380.

· Rosenman, R.H. (1986). Health consequences of anger and implications for treatment. Activitas Nervosa Superior, 28(1), 1-23.

· Siegman, A.W., Anderson, R., Herbst, J., Boyle, S., et al. (1992). Dimensions of anger-hostility and cardiovascular reactivity in provoked and angered men. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15(3), 257-272.

· Siegman, A.W. (1993). Cardiovascular consequences of expressing, experiencing, and repressing anger. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16(6), 539-569.

· Smith, M.A., and Houston, B.K. (1987). Hostility, anger expression, cardiovascular responsivity, and social support. Biological Psychology, 24(1), 39-48.

· Spielberger, C.D., Crane, R.S., Kearns, W.D., Pellegrin, K.L., Rickman, R.L., and Johnson, E.H. (1991). Anger and anxiety in essential hypertension. In C.D. Spielberger and I.G. Saranson (Eds.). Stress and emotion (Vol. 14: pp. 266-283). Hemisphere/Taylor and Francis.

· Spielberger, C.D., Ritterband, L.M., Sydeman, S.J., Reheiser, E.C., and Unger, K.K. (1995). Assessment of emotional states and personality trates: Measuring psychological vital signs. In J.N. Butcher (Ed.). Clinical personality assessment: Practical approaches (pp. 42-57). Oxford University Press.

· Tennant, C.C., and Langeluddecke, P.M. (1985). Psychological correlates of coronary heart disease. Psychological Medicine, 15(3), 581-588.

· Van Elderen, T., Maes, S., Komproe, I., and Van Der Kamp, L. (1997). The development of an anger expression and control scale. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2(Part 3), 269-281.

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