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Philosophy -- 19th Century -- British

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is the history of British philosophy.


Six Superlative Sources

· Mill, John Stuart, The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, general editor John M. Robson (University of Toronto Press, 1963-1991), 33 volumes. This is the definitive collection of Mill's writings from his entire career. It includes such noteworthy works as: On Liberty, Utilitarianism, An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy, Considerations on Representative Government, The Subjection of Women, August Comte and Positivism, and Three Essays on Religion.

· Sidgwick, Henry, The Methods of Ethics (Macmillan, 1874). J.S. Mill's successor in the classical utilitarian tradition, Prof. Sidgwick gives utilitarianism a sophisticated and influential re-formulation.

· Austin, John, The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832). Austin was the most influential English philosopher of law in analytic tradition.

· Bentham, Jeremy, The Works of Jeremy Bentham, edited by John Bowring (Tait, 1838-1843), 11 volumes. This seminal thinker straddled the 18th and 19th centuries and was the father of classical utilitarianism. The Bowring edition has many faults and will eventually be superseded by the definitive Clarendon Press editions of The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham. The Bentham Project has been ongoing since 1970 and has completed about half of Bentham's extensive writings.

· Green, Thomas H., The Works of Thomas Hill Green, edited by R.L. Nettleship (Longman's, Green, 1885-88). Prof. Green was a major force in the history of British moral philosophy. He drew upon the writings of Immanuel Kant and European philosophers, in addition to the British analytic tradition. The Clarendon Press of Oxford University is now developing a more definitive edition of Green's works.

· Hamilton, William, Discussions on Philosophy and Literature, Education and University Reform (Longman, 1853). This is Hamilton's most important work. He was a highly celebrated philosopher during the 19th century--until J.S. Mill's critical refutation (see above reference to Mill) damaged his reputation and importance.

Other Excellent Sources

· Arblaster, Anthony, The Rise and Decline of Western Liberalism (Basil Blackwell, 1984).

· Berger, Fred, Happiness, Justice and Freedom: The Moral and Political Philosophy of John Stuart Mill (University of California Press, 1984).

· Crisp, Roger, Mill on Utilitarianism (Routledge, 1997).

· Feinberg, Joel, The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law (Oxford University Press, 1988-1990), 4 volumes.

· Halévy, Elie, The Growth of Philosophical Radicalism (A.M. Kelley, 1972; originally published in French, 1904).

· Lyons, David, Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism (Clarendon Press, 1965).

· Postema, Gerald J., Bentham and the Common Law Tradition (Clarendon Press, 1986).

· Rosen, Fred, Jeremy Bentham and Representative Democracy (Clarendon Press, 1983).

· Schneewind, Jerome B., Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy (Clarendon Press, 1977).

· Skorupski, John, John Stuart Mill (Routledge, 1989).

· Skorupski, John, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Mill (Cambridge University Press, 1998).

· Thomas, Geoffrey, The Moral Philosophy of T.H. Green (Clarendon Press, 1987).

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