Alcohol Problems Prevention
The following sources are recommended by an expert whose research specialty is the prevention of alcohol problems.
· Parker, R.N. and Rebhun, L.A. Alcohol and Homicide: A Deadly Combination of Two American Traditions. State University of New York Press, 1995. Among the many findings of this work is the determination that alcohol outlet density in 256 American cities had a significant effect on homicide, even after poverty, family structure and composition, age structure, social bond, migration, region, income, and population density were factored.
· Preventing Alcohol-Related Injury and Violence: Resources for Action. The Trauma Foundation, San Francisco General Hospital, 1998. This document is an excellent source for fully understanding the relationship between alcohol and violence. The areas covered include, Extent of the Problem, Specific Populations, Economic Costs, Prevention Strategies, Profiles of Organizations and Activists, and Resources. The document includes current research findings, fact sheets, summaries of key papers and other relevant information. This document is essential to library on the relationship of alcohol and violence.
· Preventing Problems Related to Alcohol Availability: Environmental Approaches, Reference Guide. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. DHHS Publication No. (SMA)99-3298, 1999. This is the definitive work on the current state of research related to preventing alcohol related problems through use of the environmental approaches. The development of this document brought together many of the key researchers and practitioners to review the current state of research. The process developed a system of evaluating the levels of evidence as a basis for making recommendations about the research-based body of knowledge for a specific prevention approach. The topics in the document include: Public Health and Safety Problems Related to Alcohol Availability; The Role of Community in Problems Related to Alcohol Availability; Analysis and Recommendations; and Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating Prevention Strategies and Policies. This guide takes the reader from research to practice and is of value to all working in this field. http://ncadi.samhsa.gov/govpubs/PHD822/aar.aspx
· Scribner, Richard A., MacKinnon, D.P., and Dwyer, J.H. "The Risk of Assaultive Violence and Alcohol Availability in Los Angeles County," American Journal of Public Health, March 1995, Vol. 85, No. 3, 335-340. Scribner found that in communities with 100 or more alcohol outlets and a population of 50,000 or more, it is possible to project an annual increase of 2.5 violent crimes for every additional outlet added in that community. In further research of Los Angeles County, Scribner found that higher levels of alcohol outlet density are geographically associated with higher rates of assualtive violence, independent of unemployment, ethnic/racial makeup, income, age, city size, household size, and female-headed households. Of significance are the findings that in a typical Los Angeles County city with 50,000 residents, 10 outlets, and 570 offenses per year, one new outlet was associated with 3.4 additional assaultive offenses in 1990.
· Troutt, David D. The Thin Red Line: How the Poor Still Pay More. West Coast Regional Office, Consumers Union, June, 1993. This study compares six California neighborhoods in terms of the availability of five basic needs: neighborhood goods and services, food, housing, health care, and banking and credit services. Not surprisingly, gross disparities, in terms of the above needs, were apparent between low- and middle-income areas. It lays out, in a powerful way, the struggles of low-income communities in coping with the under-availability of goods and services and with overcharging. The study also looks at the financing mechanisms for businesses in such communities and the availability of money and credit for residents who populate these areas. As the alcohol field moves forward in its efforts to address the problems associated with over-concentration of alcohol outlets, it will increasingly be asked, "If not alcohol outlets, then what?" This study is crucial to helping alcohol policy advocates answer that question.
· Case Histories in Alcohol Policy. Streicker, J. ed. The Trauma Foundation, San Francisco General Hospital, 2000. The alcohol policy field has had numerous campaigns to reduce alcohol-related problems through the use of environmental prevention approaches. This book presents seven case histories in the areas of: alcohol and teens; converting liquor stores to other economic business ventures; churches confronting the liquor industry; reclaiming Cinco de Mayo from the liquor industry; reducing underage drinking; over-concentration of alcohol outlets in Gallup, New Mexico; and fighting alcohol billboards. The case studies are written by the people involved in the actions and activities and nicely describe how communities approach these complex issues.
· Wallack, Lawrence, Dorfman, Laurie, Jernigan, David, and Themba, Makani. Media Advocacy and Public Health: Power for Prevention. Sage Publications, 1993. At last a book that has taken the thinking, research, and current practice of media advocacy and carefully organized it into a useful compendium of theory and practice. Each of the authors has implemented media advocacy campaigns, thereby making the information particularly practical for those planning a campaign. Also included are eight case studies that elucidate what seems to work and what doesn't. At this point in time, this is the primary work in the media advocacy field and must reading for those wanting to understand the strategy of using media to promote alcohol policy.
· Wechsler, Robin, and Schnepp, Tamar. Community Organizing for the Prevention of Problems Related to Alcohol and Other Drugs. Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drugs, 1993. This is a very useful guide to community organizing in the alcohol and other drug field. The booklet covers the principles associated with community organizing and applies them to various case studies. The material is easy to understand and discusses the issues in a very direct manner. Extremely useful for those individuals just getting started in community organizing around alcohol and drug problems.
"The Infography about Alcohol Problems Prevention"
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