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Affirmative Action Programs

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is affirmative action.


Six Superlative Sources

· Bergmann, Barbara R. In Defense of Affirmative Action. Basic Books, 1996.

· Fullinwider, Robert. "Affirmative Action," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Edward N. Zalta, ed.

· Glazer, Nathan. Affirmative Discrimination: Ethnic Inequality and Public Policy. Basic Books, 1975; Harvard University Press, 1987.

· Graham, Hugh Davis. Collision Course: The Strange Convergence of Affirmative Action and Immigration Policy in America. Oxford University Press, 2002, 2003.

· Skrentny, John David. The Minority Rights Revolution. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002, 2004.

· Thernstrom, Stephan, and Abigail Thernstrom. America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible. Simon and Schuster, 1997, 1999.

Other Excellent Sources


· Robinson, Jo Ann. Affirmative Action: A Documentary History. Greenwood Press, 2001.


· Belz, Herman. Equality Transformed: A Quarter Century of Affirmative Action. Transaction Publishers, 1991.

· Graham, Hugh Davis. The Civil Rights Era: Origins and Development of National Policy, 1960-1972. Oxford University Press, 1990.

· Katznelson, Ira. When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America. W.W. Norton, 2005.

· Kotlowski, Dean J. Nixon's Civil Rights: Politics, Principle, and Policy. Harvard University Press, 2001.

· Moreno, Paul D. From Direct Action to Affirmative Action: Fair Employment Law and Policy in America, 1933-1972. Louisiana State University Press, 1997, 1999.

· Skrentny, John David. The Ironies of Affirmative Action: Politics, Culture, and Justice in America. University of Chicago Press, 1996.


· Bowen, William G., Derek Curtis Bok, and James Lawrence Shulman. The Shape of the River: Long-Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions. Princeton University Press, 2000.

· Thernstrom, Stephan, and Abigail Thernstrom. "Reflections on The Shape of the River." UCLA Law Review 46 (5), June 1999: 1583-1631.


· Bloch, Farrell. Antidiscrimination Law and Minority Employment: Recruitment Practices and Regulatory Constraints. University of Chicago Press, 1994.

· Epstein, Richard A. Forbidden Grounds: The Case against Employment Discrimination Laws. Harvard University Press, 1992, 1995.

· Lynch, Frederick R. The Diversity Machine: The Drive to Change the "White Male Workplace." Free Press, 1997; Transaction Publishers, 2001.

· U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.


· Skrentny, John David, ed. Color Lines: Affirmative Action, Immigration, and Civil Rights Options for America. University of Chicago Press, 2001.

· Sowell, Thomas. Affirmative Action around the World: An Empirical Study. Yale University Press, 2004.

· Sowell, Thomas. Preferential Policies: An International Perspective. William Morrow, 1990.


· Bates, Timothy. Banking on Black Enterprise: The Potential of Emerging Firms for Revitalizing Urban Economies. Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, distributed by University Press of America, 1993.

· Bates, Timothy. Major Studies of Minority Business: A Bibliographic Review. Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, distributed by University Press of America, 1992.

· Bean, Jonathan J. Big Government and Affirmative Action: The Scandalous History of the Small Business Administration. University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

· Minority Business Enterprise Legal Defense and Education Fund (MBELDEF).

· Project on Civil Rights and Public Contracting.

· U.S. Small Business Administration 8(a) Business Development Program.


· Carter, Stephen L. Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby. Basic Books, 1991.

· Steele, Shelby. The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America. St. Martin's Press, 1990; Harper Perennial, 1991.

· Lynch, Frederick R. Invisible Victims: White Males and the Crisis of Affirmative Action. Greenwood Press, 1989; Praeger, 1991.

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