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Fractures and Hydrothermal Systems

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is fractures and hydrothermal systems.


Six Superlative Sources

· Elder, J.W. Geothermal Systems, Academic, 1981.

· Humphris, Susan E. Hydrothermal processes at mid-ocean ridges, U.S. National Report to IUGG, 1991-1994 Rev. Geophys., Vol. 33 Suppl., AGU, 1995.

· McCaffrey, K.J.W., L. Lonergan, and J. Wilkinson, editors. Fractures, Fluid Flow and Mineralization, Geological Society Special Publication No. 155, 1999.

· Lister, C.R.B. On the penetration of water into hot rock, Geophys. J. R. Soc., 39, 465-509, 1974.

· Lowell, R.P. Modeling continental and submarine hydrothermal systems, Rev. Geophys., 29, 457-476, 1991.

· Norton, D. A theory of hydrothermal systems, Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 12, 155-177, 1984.

Other Excellent Sources

· Bodvarsson, G. Thermoelastic phenomena in geothermal systems, in Proceedings of 2nd United Nations Symposium on the Development and Use of Geothermal Resources, pp. 903-907, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

· Bodvarsson, G. Terrestrial energy currents and transfer in Iceland, in Continental and Oceanic Rifts Geodyn. Ser., 8, edited by G. Palmason, pp. 271-282, AGU, 1982.

· Bodvarsson, G., and R.P. Lowell. Ocean-floor heat flow and the circulation of interstitial waters, J. Geophys. Res., 77, 4472-4475, 1972.

· Brace, W.F. Permeability of crystalline and argillaceous rocks, Int. J. Rock Mech. Min Sci. and Geomech. Abstr., 17, 241-251, 1980.

· Fisher, A.T. Permeability within basaltic oceanic crust, Rev. Geophysics, 36, 143-182, 1998.

· Germanovich, L.N., and R.P. Lowell. Percolation theory, thermoelasticity, and discrete hydrothermal venting in the Earth's crust, Science, 255, 1564-1567, 1992.

· Germanovich, L.N., R.P. Lowell, and D.K. Astakhov. Stress dependent permeability and the formation of seafloor event plumes, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 8341-8354, 2000.

· Hestir, K., and J.C.S. Long. Analytical expressions for the permeability of random two-dimensional Poisson fracture networks based on regular lattice percolation and equivalent media theories, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 21,565-21,582, 1990.

· Lister, C.R.B. The basic physics of water penetration into hot rock, In: Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers, ed. by P.A. Rona, K. Bostrom, L. Laubier, and K.L. Smith, Jr., pp. 141-168, Plenum Press, 1983.

· Lister, C.R.B. Heat transfer between magmas and hydrothermal systems, or, six lemmas in search of a theorem, Geophys. J. Int., 120, 45-59, 1995.

· Lowell, R.P. Circulation in fractures, hot springs, and convective heat transport on mid-ocean ridge crests, Geophys. J. Roy. Astr. Soc., 40, 351-365, 1975.

· Lowell, R.P. Thermoelasticity and the formation of black smokers, Geophysical Research Letters, 17(6), 709-712, 1990.

· Lowell, R.P., and P.A. Rona. Hydrothermal models for the generation of massive sulfide ore deposits, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 8769-8783, 1985.

· Lowell, R.P., P.A. Rona, and R.P. Von Herzen. Seafloor hydrothermal systems, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 327-352, 1995.

· Lowell, R.P., P. Van Cappellen, and L.N. Germanovich. Silica precipitation in fractures and the evolution of permeability in hydrothermal upflow zones, Science, 260, 192-194, 1993.

· Lowell, R.P., and L.N. Germanovich. Dike injection and the formation of megaplumes at ocean ridges, Science, 267, 1804-1807, 1995.

· Lowell, R.P., and L.N. Germanovich. On the temporal evolution of high-temperature hydrothermal systems at ocean ridge crests, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 565-575, 1994.

· Martin, J.T., and R.P. Lowell. On thermoelasticity and silica precipitation in hydrothermal systems: Numerical modeling of laboratory experiments, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 12,095-12,107, 1997.

· Martin, J.T., and R.P. Lowell. Precipitation of quartz during high-temperature fracture-controlled hydrothermal upflow at ocean ridges: Equilibrium vs. linear kinetics, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 869-882, 2000.

· Nehlig, P., and T. Juteau. Flow porosities, permeabilities, and preliminary data on fluid inclusions and fossil thermal gradients in the crustal sequence of the Sumail ophiolite (Oman), Tectonophysics, 151, 199-221, 1988.

· Pascoe, A.R., and J.R. Cann. Modeling diffuse hydrothermal flow in black smoker vent fields, In: Hydrothermal Vents and Processes, ed. by L.M. Parson, C.L. Walker, and D.R. Dixon, pp. 159-173, Geological Society Special Publication No. 87, 1995.

· Strens, M.R., and J.R. Cann. A model of hydrothermal circulation in fault zones at mid-ocean ridge crests, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 71, 225-240, 1982.

· Strens, M.R., and J.R. Cann. A fracture-loop, thermal balance model of black smoker circulation, Tectonophysics, 122, 307-324, 1986.

· van Everdingen, D.A. Fracture characteristics of the Sheeted Dike Complex, Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus: Implications for permeability of oceanic crust, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 19,957-19,972, 1995.

· Wilcock, W.S.D., and A. McNabb. Estimates of crustal permeability on the Endeavor segment of the Juan de Fuca mid-ocean ridge, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 138, 83-91, 1996.

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