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Ruggles, Carl (1876-1971)

The following sources are recommended by a professor whose research specialty is composer Carl Ruggles.


Six Superlative Sources

· Carl Ruggles Papers: Yale University Music Library Archival Collection, Mss. 26, compiled by Adrienne Nesnow with music consultant John Kirkpatrick (1981).

· Green, Jonathan D.: Carl Ruggles: A Bio-Bibliography. Greenwood Press, 1995.

· Salzman, Eric: "Carl Ruggles: A Lifetime Is Not Too Long to Search for the Sublime," HiFi 17 (September 1966).

· Seeger, Charles: "Carl Ruggles," Musical Quarterly 18:4 (1932), 578-92. Reprinted in: Cowell, Henry, editor: American Composers on American Music: A Symposium. Stanford University Press, 1933; 14-35.

· Zifrin, Marilyn J.: Carl Ruggles: Composer, Painter, and Storyteller. University of Illinois Press, 1994.

· Zifrin, Marilyn J.: "Interesting Lies and Curious Truths about Carl Ruggles," College Music Symposium 19:2 (Fall 1979), 7-18.

Other Excellent Sources

· Gleason, Harold, and Walter Becker: "Carl Ruggles," in Twentieth-Century American Composers. Music Literature Outlines, Series 4, Frangipani Press, 1981; 165-69.

· Griffiths, Paul, and Marilyn J. Zifrin: "Carl Ruggles," in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie. Macmillan, 1980.

· Griffiths, Paul, and Marilyn J. Zifrin: "Carl Ruggles," in The New Grove Dictionary of American Music and Musicians, edited by H. Wiley Hitchcock. Macmillan, 1986.

· Kirkpatrick, John: "The Evolution of Carl Ruggles (A Chronicle Largely in His Own Words)," Perspectives in New Music 6:1 (Spring-Summer 1968), 146-66.

· Mead, Rita: Henry Cowell's New Music, 1925-1936: The Society, the Music Editions, and the Recordings. University of Michigan Press, 1981.

· Tenney, James C.: "The Chronological Development of Carl Ruggles's Melodic Style," Perspectives in New Music 16:2 (Fall-Winter 1977), 36-69.

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